A writer of history cannot but be endebted to those people who have left marks, who have recalled, with integrity or equally informative bias, the places, names, dates and events of their times.

 colonial present cover

Government documents

Assembly of First Nations:

“The $9 Billion Myth Exposed: Why First Nations Poverty Endures,” 2007; “Make Poverty History” campaign

Breaking the Silence. An Interpretive Study of Residential School Impact and Healing as Illustrated by the Stories of First Nations Individuals, 1994



British Columbia:


An Act to amend and consolidate the Laws affecting Crown Lands in British Columbia [Assented to 2nd March, 1874]


Confidential Report of the Royal Commission on Indian Affairs for the Province of British Columbia; Under Order-in-Council dated the 10th day of June, in the Year of Our Lord One Thousand Nine Hundred and Thirteen.  [Royal Museum of BC, BC Archive, Victoria; GR 672 6.5 f.1]


British Columbia: Papers Connected with the Indian Land Question 1850-1875, VICTORIA, Richard Wolfenden, Government Printer, At the Government Printing Office, James Bay, 1877


British Columbia Indian Lands Settlement Act of 1920


1996 Legislative Session: 1st Session, 36th Parliament SELECT STANDING COMMITTEE ON ABORIGINAL AFFAIRS – TRANSCRIPTS OF PROCEEDINGS (Hansard) PENTICTON. MONDAY, NOVEMBER 25, 1996 , Issue No. 19


The Municipal Government Act. 1998, c. 18, s. 1. (the “Municipalities Act”), British Columbia

Wildlife Act [RSBC 1996] CHAPTER 488. British Columbia


Tsawwassen Final Agreement


Maa-nulth Final Agreement


Nisga’a Final Agreement

Ministry of Forests and Range Act [RSBC 1996] CHAPTER 300

 BC Treaty Commission Annual Report, 2003; 2004

Economic Impacts of Invasive Plants in BC, Invasive Plants Council of BC,


The First Nations Property Ownership Initiative, A Discussion Paper. “Who Should Own Reserve Lands?,” October 2010, First Nations Tax Commission

Bill C-31, Refugee Exclusion Act. Minister of Censorship and Deportation Jason Kenney, April, 2012

Tahltan Nation Impact Benefit Agreement Negotiated for the Forrest Kerr Hydroelectric Run-of-River Project, May 28th, 2010


Report of the Auditor General of British Columbia; Treaty Negotiations in

British Columbia: An Assessment of the Effectiveness of British Columbia’s Management and Administrative Processes. November 2006


Where the Blood Mixes – SD74 Teacher‘s Resource Guide; Anders Lunde, Billie-Jean Gabriel, and Starleigh Grass





1857, the Act for the Gradual Civilization of the Indian Tribes in the Canadas


1871 Terms of Union


Dominion Indian Affairs Settlement Act of 1919


Treaty Making in the Spirit of Co-existence: An Alternative to Extinguishment

Royal Commission on Aboriginal Peoples, Ottawa: Canada Communication Group, 1995

Report of the Auditor General of Canada to the House of Commons, First Nations Child and Family Services Program – Indian and Northern Affairs Canada, 2008

H.B. Hawthorn, A Survey of the Contemporary Indians of Canada, Vol. I and II, Ottawa, Indian Affairs Branch, 1966-1967.


Submission of Canada to the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights on the Admissability of the Petition Filed on Behalf of Loni Edmonds, Petition P879-07, December 7, 2011

Indian and Northern Affairs Canada, Backgrounder – ABORIGINAL TITLE IN CANADA’S COURTS (

The Report of the Commission of Inquiry Concerning Certain Matters Associated with the Westbank Indian Band; John E. Hall, Commissioner. Minister of Supply and Services Canada, 1988.


Department of Indian Affairs and Northern Development, Memo, David A” Munro, Assistant Deputy Minister ‘ (Indian Consultation and Negotiation). Ottawa 4, April 1, 1970


International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination:

Interim Report in follow-up to the review of Canada’s Seventeenth and Eighteenth Reports, July 2009, Canada


Final Report of the Standing Senate Committee on Aboriginal Peoples Special Study on the Federal Specific Claims Process, Negotiation or Confrontation: It’s Canada’s Choice, December 2006. The Honourable Gerry St. Germain, P.C., Chair, and The Honourable Nick Sibbeston, Deputy Chair


“Outstanding Business – A Native Claims Policy,” May 13, 1982. The Honourable John Munro, Minister of Indian and Northern Affairs, Canada

Statement of the Government of Canada on Indian policy (The White Paper, 1969), Presented to the First Session of the Twenty-eighth Parliament by the Honourable Jean Chrétien,  Minister of Indian Affairs and  Northern Development

Improving Results for Aboriginal Transfer Payments, Treasury Board Secretariat,

Presentation by Jamshed Merchant, TBS, to the Aboriginal Financial Officers’Association. February 22, 2007


Aboriginal children’s health: Leaving no child behind. Canadian Supplement to THE STATE OF THE WORLD’S CHILDREN 2009, Canadian UNICEF Committee, 2009


The Criminal Code of Canada, 1985


Jobs, Growth and Long-term Prosperity: Economic Action Plan 2012. The Honourable James M. Flaherty, P.C., M.P. Minister of Finance, March 29, 2012


Backgrounder – Aboriginal Affairs and Northern Development Canada’s Financial Picture (2012-2013)

Partners in Confederation: Aboriginal peoples, Self-Government, and the Constitution. Royal Commission on Aboriginal Peoples, Ministry of Supply and Services Canada, 1993

First Nations in Canada, published under the authority of the Honourable Ron Irwin, Minister of Indian Affairs and Northern Development, Ottawa, 1997

Report of the Federal Inquiry Into the Collapse of Fraser River Sockeye, 2012, Justice Cohen, Commissioner


British Crown:


Articles of Capitulation of Montreal, 1760


British North America Act, 1867


Berlin Conference Act, 1884


Treaty of the League of Nations, 1927



Provincial Commissions:


Report of the Metlakatla Commission, 1884

Letter from the Methodist Missionary Society to the Superintendent-General of Indian Affairs respecting British Columbiatroubles [microform] : with affadavits, declarations, etc.” 1886

Report of the Commission appointed to enquire into the state and condition of the Indians of the North-West Coast of British Columbia


Papers Relating to the Commission appointed to enquire into the state and condition of the Indians of the North-West Coast of British Columbia. Provincial Secretary.  Provincial Secretary’s Office,  22nd February, 1888.


Missing Women Commission of Inquiry, 2010



National Indian Brotherhood:


A Position Paper, 1971.

Citizens Plus, also known as The Red Paper, 1970, June 3, 1970, Harold Cardinal and the Indian Chiefs of Alberta

Indian Control of Indian Education, 1972




Union of British Columbia Indian Chiefs:

Claims of the Allied Tribes, 1919

Submission to the Prime Minister and Government of Canada by the Union of BC Indian Chiefs, as to the Claim Based on Native Title to the Lands now Forming British Columbia and the Waters Contained Therein or Adjacent Thereto; December, 1971 including appendices: “A” – Text agreed at the meeting of representatives of Indian organizations and their legal advisors in Montreal on 17th and 18th September, 1971; and “B” – The Land Question – A Paper prepared by Chief William Scow for delivery to the Annual General Meeting of the Union, Victoria, BC, 17 November, 1971

“Indian People Must Organize.” George Manuel, Speech to Land Claims Conference, Terrace, BC, April 1975


Speech to Union of BC Municipalities Executive, George Manuel, November 25, 1977


Indian Sovereignty: The Indian Bible of British Columbia, by George Manuel, President of the Union, October, 1977

Aboriginal Rights Position Paper, October 15, 1979

Aboriginal Rights Position Paper – Resource Kit, Indian Government Portfolio, October 15, 1979

Our Homes Are Bleeding website,


Indian Nations and the Constitution, A Position Paper; November 15, 1980


Significance of Consent, February, 1984

“A Historical Timeline”

Treaty Making through consent, not extinguishment; Chiefs’ Council discussion paper, January 9, 1991


Comprehensive Framework Treaty Between First Nations in British Columbia and Her Majesty The Queen in Right of Canada,” Draft, May 15, 1991


Truth Behind Treaty Making; 1999


“Initial response Re: Canada’s Civil Society Consultations for the World Conference Against racial Discrimination, Xenophobia and Related Intolerance 2001.” September 8, 2000


 “Protecting Knowledge: Traditional Resource Rights in the New Millennium,” Conference Agenda, February 23-26, 2000


The Lands We Lost – A History of Cutoff Lands and Land Losses from Indian Reserves in British Columbia by Reuben Ware, UBCIC (1974)


Stolen Lands, Broken Promises. Researching the Indian Land Question in British Columbia (Second Edition) 2004


Open Letter to Governments of Canada and BC: Canada’s Comprehensive Claims Policy; UPDATED LETTER – July 25, 2007




Aboriginal Healing Foundation:


Information Package, The Provincial Residential School Project, West Vancouver, 1995



United Nations:


United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, 2007

International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination. Adopted – 21 December 1965; entry into force – 4 January 1969


Convention on Biological Diversity


Convention on Political and Cultural Rights


Convention on Economic and Social Rights


Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination, Reports submitted by States parties under article 9 of the Convention, Nineteenth and twentieth periodic reports of States parties due in 2009, Canada, 28 January 2011.




Royal BC Archives:

Statement from the “British Columbia Indian Conference,” held at Vancouver, 20th to 23rd June, 1916. (archive call no.)

1874 Petition to Indian Commissioner I.W. Powell


Cowichan Petition to His Most High Majesty The King, March 1909







To the Honourable Frank Oliver, Minister of the Interior, Ottawa, May 10, 1911


List of Bella Coola Villages, Archives of the American Bureau of Ethnography, Smithsonian Institute, #4178


James Teit’s maps of tribal trade routes, in the BC Archives, Victoria, Boas microfilm collection: MS 1425 372 Roll 1


Papers relating to the Royal Commission of 1912-16


Minutes of 1916 Chiefs meeting in Vancouver – Teit




International Reports, Declarations, Treaties and Conventions:


Ryan Commission Report, 2008, Ireland


The Covenant of the League of Nations, 28 June 1919  –  Effective 10 January 1920


Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties, 1969.  Done at Vienna on 23 May 1969. Entered into force on 27 January 1980. United Nations, Treaty Series, vol. 1155, p. 331


World Council of Indigenous Peoples, Second General Assembly, Kiruna, Sweden; September 24 – 27, 1977; Declaration on Human Rights


The Convention for the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide, Geneva, 1948





Canada: Apartheid Nation; Director Angela O’Leary, 2011


Reel Injun, 2009, Director Neil Diamond

Is The Crown At War With Us? 2002, Director Alanis Obomsawin

The War Against The Indians, Harry Rasky. 1993, A CBC Film Production

From the Heart, A Doreen Manuel Film, Running Wolf Productions, 2006

PREP FOR CEP: Preparation for Common Experience Payments 2007, Empowered Residential School Survivors, 2007

The Indian Residential School Settlement Agreement, Winnipeg NIRS Conference, Empowered Residential School Survivors, 2007

Above the Law, Melvin Brown, 1996


Newspapers and Magazines


BC Studies, No.3, Fall 1969; No.89, Spring 1991; No.111, Autumn 1996.

Business in Vancouver, June 12, 2012; August 31, 2012

The Chilliwack Progress, March 4, 2008

Victoria Daily Colonist on April 1, 1896

Dark Night field notes, no.17, 2001

Focus, July/August, 2012

Frontier Scientists, June 2011 

Haada Laas – Journal of the Haida Nation, February 1986, Special Edition.

Journal of American Folklore, No.36, 1923

Kamloops Daily News, January 24, 2011


Media Indigena, April 8, 2010

The Abbotsford Times December 27, 2011

The 100 Mile House Free Press, June 28, 1995; August 31, 2011

The BC Treaty Negotiating Times, Summer, 2007; Fall 2007; Summer 2009

The Bridge River–Lillooet News, November 2010

The British Colonist, Saturday, Dec 18, 1858

The Globe and Mail, September 18, 1995; October 22, 1999; September 16, 1995; December 12, 1997; March 27, 1998; September 18, 1999; September 21, 2006 ; November 22, 2007, November 24, 2007, December 3, 2007

The Martlet, February 14, 1991

The National Post, January 19, 2008; online edition “postmedia”: January 11, 2012: January 23, 2012

The Prince George Citizen, May 26, 2012

The Province, July 8, 1970; August 23, 1995; September 17, 1995; September 22, 1995

The St’át’imc Runner, August, 2006; November, 2006; May 2007; July 2007; May 2008; June 2008; December 2008; November, 2009; December 2009; May 2010; August 2010; September, 2010; December 2010; March, 2011;

The Toronto Star, April 08, 2012

The Tyee, April 20, 2007, 27 July 2010

The Vancouver Sun, May 14, 1990; June 4, 1993; August 24, 1995, September 18, 1995; February 16, 1996; December 12, 1997; December 19, 1997; February 2, 1998; February 19, 1998; March 31, 1998; September 16, 1999; July 12, 2007; November 22, 2007; December 3, 2007; January 6, 2012; March 20, 2012; July 06, 2012; November 12, 2012.

The Verdict, October 1995

Time, Canadian Edition, July 28, 2003

Victoria Times Colonist, March 22, 2007; March 21, 2012

Úcwalmicw newsletter, Volume 6 Issue 10, October 2008

The Vancouver Courier, September 6, 2012

The Whistler Question, Pemberton edition, October 13, 2011; November 29, 2007





Akrigg, G.P.V. and Akrigg, Helen B.; British Columbia / 1778-1846 Chonicle – Adventures by Sea and Land. Discovery Press, Victoria BC, 1975

Akrigg, G.P.V. and Akrigg, Helen B.; British Columbia / 1847-1871 Chonicle – Gold and Colonists. Discovery Press, Victoria BC, 1977

Alfred, Taiaiake, Wasáse – indigenous pathways of action and freedom, University of Toronto Press Incorporated, 2009

Alfed, Taiaiake, Peace, Power and Righteousness – An Indigenous Manifesto, Oxford University Press, 1999 first printing

Barlee, N.L.; Gold Creeks and Ghost Towns – East Kootenay, Boundary, West Kootenay, Okanagan and Similkameen, 1970 first printing, Canada West Magazine, Summerland, BC


Barman, Jean; The West Beyond The West – A History of British Columbia.  University of Toronto Press,1991


Beeson, Edith; Dunlevy From the diaries of Alex P. McInnes. Lillooet Publishers Ltd, BC, 1971


Begbie, Matthew Bailie, Esq. Justice; Journey into the Interior of British Columbia, 1859. Communicated by the Duke of Newcastle, F.R.G.S., H.M. Secretary for the Colonies.

Berger, Thomas R.; A long and terrible shadow, White Values, Native Rights in the Americas, 1492-1992. University of Washington Press, 1992

Berger, Thomas R; A Village Journey, The Report of the Alaska Native Review Commission, Hill and Wang, by the Inuit Circumpolar Conference, 1985


Berger, Thomas R.; Northern Frontier Northern Homeland – the report of the Mackenzie Valley Pipeline Inquiry. Douglas & McIntyre, Vancouver/Toronto 1977 / 1988

Berton, Pierre; City of Gold – The Great Klondike Gold Rush. Adventures in Canadian History series. McClelland & Stewart Inc, 1992

Boldt, Menno; Surviving As Indians – The Challenge of Self-Government. University of Toronto Press Incorporated, 1993

Boncore, John, and Bruderer, Sandra; The Autobiography of Dacajeweiah Splitting the Sky John Boncore Hill: From Attica to Gustafsen Lake. John Pasquale Boncore, Chase, British Columbia, 2001

Bouchard, David; The Elders Are Watching. Illustrations by Roy Henry Vickers. Raincoast Books, Vancouver, 1997.

Bourinot, J. G.; The Story of the Nations – Canada,1897. By the Clerk of the Canadian House of Commons; Honorary Secretary of the Royal Society of Canada; Docteur-es-Lettres of Laval University and Honorary Member of the American Antiquarian Society.

Brendon, Piers; The Decline and Fall of the British Empire 1781-1997. Jonathon Cape, London, 2007, The Random House Group Limited

Broadfoot, Barry; The Pioneer Years 1895-1914: Memories of Settlers Who Opened the West. Doubleday Canada Limited, Toronto, 1976

Brody, Hugh; Maps and Dreams – Indians and the British Columbia Frontier. Douglas & McIntyre, Vancouver/Toronto, 1981, 1988.

Brown, George W.; Building the Canadian Nation, Volume I, 1492-1849. MacFadden-Bartell, New York, 1968

Bumsted, J.M.; Interpreting Canada’s Past – Volume One, Pre-Confederation.  Second Edition, Oxford University Press, 1993

Burland, Cottie; North American Indian Mythology; The Hamlyn Publishing Group Limited, England, 1965 / 1968 / 1970

Campbell, Nicola; Shin-Chi’s Canoe. Groundwood Books, 2008

Cardinal, Harold; The Rebirth of Canada’s Indians. Hurtig Publishers, Edmonton, Alberta, 1977

Cherrington, John A.; The Fraser Valley, A History. Harbour Publishing, BC, 1992

Chittendon, Newton H.; Settlers, Prospectors and Tourists Guide – or – Travels Through British Columbia, 1882

Chrisjohn, Roland, with Sherri Young and Michael Maraun; The Circle Game – Shadows and Substance in the Indian Residential School Experience in Canada, Theytus Books Ltd., Penticton, 1997

Clark, Bruce; Native Liberty, Crown Sovereignty – the Existing Aboriginal Right of Self-Government in Canada, McGill Queen’s University Press, 1990

Clark, Bruce; Justice in Paradise, McGill Queen’s University Press, 1999

Clarke, George Frederick; Someone Before Us – Our Maritime Indians. Brunswick Press, 1968

Cloutier, Edmond, C.M.G., O.A., D.S.P.; Canada 1957- The Official Handbook of Present Conditions and Recent Progress, Queen’s Printer and Controller of Stationery, Ottawa, 1957. Prepared in the Canada Year Book section, information services division, Dominion Bureau of Statistics, Ottawa. Published under the authority of The Right Honourable C. D. Howe, Minister of Trade and Commerce.

Collins, Paul and Sheffe, Norman; Exploration Canada. Oxford University Press, Toronto, 1979

Conner, Daniel C.G.; “Native People and Explorers of Canada,” Prentice-Hall Canada Inc., 1984

Conrad, Margaret and Finkel, Alvin; History of the Canadian Peoples, Volume 1, Beginnings to 1867. First (Copp Clark Pitman Ltd, 1993), Third (2002, Pearson Education Canada Inc.) and Fifth (2009, Library and Archives Canada Cataloguing in Publication; Pearson Longman Editions) Editions

Conway, J.F.; The West – The History of a Region in Confederation. “Canadian Issues Series,” James Lorimer & Company, Toronto, 1984

Corrigan, Samuel W., Editor;  Hall, Tony, CINSA Editor; The Canadian Journal of Native Studies Volume 8, Number 2, 1988, The Canadian Indian/Native Studies Association by the Society for the Advancement of Native Studies; Brandon University, 1988

Cranny, Michael; Pathways : Civilizations Through Time, 1998 Prentice Hall Ginn Canada (Grade 8 textbook used in 2012)

Culhane Speck, Dara; An Error In Judgement, The politics of medical care in an Indian/White community. Talonbooks, Vancouver 1987

Culhane, Dara; The Pleasure of the Crown – Anthropology, Law and First Nations. Talon Books Ltd., 1998

Cumming, W.P., Skelton, R.A., and Quinn, D.B.; The Discovery of North America. American Heritage Press, New York, 1971, 1972

Decker, Frances, Fougberg, Margaret, Ronayne, Mary; Pemberton – The History of a Settlement, Printed by Pemberton Pioneer Women, first printing, 1977, second revised printing 1978

Denton, V L and Lord A R; “A World Geography For Canadian Schools,” ‘Authorized for use in the schools of British Columbia and Saskatchewan’; Toronto, J M Dent & Sons (Canada) Ltd. 1936 first publication.

Dickason, Olive; Canada’s First Nations: A History of Founding Peoples from Earliest Times. Oxford University Press, 2002

Drake-Terry, Joanne; The Same As Yesterday – The Lillooet Document the Theft of their Lands and Resources, Lillooet Tribal Council, 1989

Driver, Harold E., editor; The Americas On The Eve Of Discovery. The Global History Series, Prentice-Hall, Inc., 1964

Duff, Wilson; The Indian History of British Columbia, Volume 1: The Impact of the White Man; Anthropology in British Columbia, Memoir No. 5, 1964; Provincial Museum of British Columbia, Victoria, BC.  Ministry of the Provincial Secretary and Travel Industry.

Duff, Wilson; The Indian History of British Columbia – The Impact of the White Man – New Edition; Royal British Columbia Museum, 1997

Duncan, Sandy Frances; Cariboo Runaway. Pacific Edge Publishing Ltd, BC, 1997

Durant, Will and Ariel; The Story of Civilization, XI – The Age of Napoleon. Simon and Schuster, New York, 1975

Durnford, Hugh, and Madely, Peter, Editors; Great Canadian Adventures – 48 of Canada’s greatest true-life adventures. The Reader’s Digest Association (Canada) Ltd., 1976

Edwards, Irene; Short Portage to Lillooet, Cold Spring Books, D.W. Friesen and Sons, Cloverdale, second revised printing 1985

Engelstad, Diane, and Bird, John, Editors; Nation to Nation – Aboriginal Sovereignty and the Future of Canada, Citizens for Public Justice, 1992, House of Anansi Press Ltd., Ontario

Evans, Chad; Frontier Theatre, 1983, Sono Nis Press, Victoria.

Fetherling, George, editor; The Vintage Book of Canadian Memoirs. Vintage Canada, 2001

Fisher, Robin; Contact and Conflict – Indian-European Relations in British Columbia, 1774-1890, UBC Press, 1977 first printing; second edition 1992, reprinted 1994

Flanagan, Tom; First Nations? Second Thoughts. McGill-Queen’s University Press, 2000

Flannery, Tim; The Eternal Frontier, An Ecological History of North America and Its Peoples. Atlantic Monthly Press, New York, 2001


Forsythe, Mark, British Columbia Almanac, Arsenal Pulp Press, Vancouver, 2000


Forsythe, Mark and Dickson, Greg – of CBC Radio’s BC Almanac; The Trail of 1858 – British Columbia’s Gold Rush Past. Harbour Publishing, 2008


Foster, Hamar,. Berger, Benjamin L, and Buck, A.R.; The Grand Experiment – Law and Legal Culture in British Settler Societies, The Osgoode Society, UBC Press, 2008


Fournier, Suzanne and Crey, Ernie; Stolen From Our Embrace. Douglas & McIntyre, Vancouver/Toronto, 1997


Francis, Daniel; Battle for the West – Fur Traders and the Birth of Western Canada. Hurtig Publishers, Edmonton, 1982


Francis, Daniel, editor; The Encyclopedia of British Columbia; Harbour Publishing Ltd., British Columbia, 2000


Francis, Douglas R. and Smith, Donald B.; Readings in Canadian History, Post-Confederation. Third Edition, Holt, Rinehart and Winston of Canada, Limited, 1990. Fourth Edition. University of Calgary, Harcourt Brace & Company, Canada, 1994


Francis, Douglas R. and Smith, Donald B.; Readings in Canadian History, Pre-Confederation. Fourth Edition, University of Calgary, Harcourt Brace & Company, Canada, 1994


Gallaher, Bill; The Promise – Love, Loyalty and the Lure of Gold; The Story of “Cariboo” Cameron. TouchWood Editions, Horsdal & Schubart Publishers Limited, Victoria BC, 2001


Getty, Ian A.L., ED. and Antoine S. Lussier; As Long as the Sun Shines and Water Flows – A Reader in Canadian Native Studies; 1983, UBC Press

Gillmour, Don; Michaud, Achille, and Turgeon, Pierre; Canada: A People’s History, Volume Two, 2001; CBC, McLelland Stewart

Glavin, Terry; A Death Feast in Dimlahamid, New Star Books, Vancouver, 1990

Glavin, Terry; This Ragged Place – Travels Across the Landscape, New Star Books, Vancouver, 1996

Goss, John; The Mapping of North America. The Wellfleet Press, New Jersey, 1990.

Gould, Jan; Women of British Columbia, 1975, Hancock House

Graham, Gerald S.; A Concise History of Canada with 181 illustrations, The Viking Press, New York, 1968

Granatstein, J.L., Who Killed Canadian History?   Harper Perenniel, Harper Canada, 1998


Green, Howard and Sawyer, Dorothy; The NESA Bibliography for Native Studies. The Tillacum Library, A Division of Arsenal Pulp Press Book Publishers Ltd, Vancouver, 1983. *NESA = Native Education Services Associates

Haig-Brown, Celia; Resistance and Renewal – Surviving the Indian Residential School. Tillicum Press, 1988

Haig-Brown, Roderick; The Farthest Shores. Longmans, Green and Company, 1960

Hall, Anthony J.; The American Empire And The Fourth World. McGill-Queen’s University Press, 2003

Harris, Cole; The Resettlement of British Columbia: Essays on Colonialism and Geographical Change, UBC Press, 1997

Harris, Cole; Making Native Space – Colonialism, Resistance, and Reserves in British Columbia, UBC Press, 2002

Harris, Douglas C.; Landing Native Fisheries – Indian Reserves & Fishing Rights in British Columbia, 1849-1925, UBC Press, 2008

Harris, Lorraine; “Halfway to the Goldfields – A History of Lillooet,” J J Douglas Limited, North Vancouver, BC; 1977

Harris, William J., Ed.; The LeRoi Jones / Amiri Baraka Reader, Thunder’s Mouth Press, second printing 1995

Hill, Gord; The 500 years of resistance comic book, Arsenal Pulp Press 2009


Horn, Pamela; The Rise and Fall of the Victorian Servant. Alan Sutton Publishing Limited (1975 by Gill and Macmillan Limited), 1986, 1990, 1996


Horwood, Harold Andrew; The Colonial Dream, 1497-1670, Canada’s Illustrated Heritage series, Natural Science of Canada Limited, Toronto, Ontario, 1978


Innis, Harold A.; The Fur Trade in Canada. An Introduction to Canadian Economic History. 1930 Yale University Press; University of Toronto Press 1970, 1973, 1975, 1977, 1984


Jaenen, Cornelius, and Morgan, Cecilia; Documents in Pre-Confederation History. Addison Wesley Longman Ltd. 1998


Johnson, Peter; Glyphs and Gallows: The Rock Art of Clo-oose and the Wreck of the John Bright. Heritage House Publishing Company Ltd., Surrey, BC, 1999


Jorgensen, Miriam, editor; Rebuilding Native Nations: Strategies for Governance and Development. University of Arizona Press, Tucson, USA, 2007


Joseph, Maia and Pauls, Naomie, Editors; A Sto:lo Coast Salish Historical Atlas. Copyright Sto:lo Nation. Douglas &McIntyre Ltd., Vancouver, 2001


Kelm, Mary-Ellen; Colonizing Bodies. Aboriginal Health and Healing in British Columbia 1900-50. UBC Press, Vancouver, 1998


Kirk, Ruth; Wisdom of the Elders – Native Traditions on the Northwest Coast, Douglas & McIntyre, Vancouver / Toronto, 1986


Kopas, Cliff; bella coola – A Story of Effort and Achievement, Mitchell Press Limited, Vancouver, 1970. 2nd printing 1974

Ladner, Leon J.; The Ladners of Ladner – By Covered Wagon to the Welfare State, Mitchell Press Limited, Vancouver, 1972

Lamb, W Kaye, ed; The Letters and Journals of Simon Fraser, 1806-1808. Toronto: Macmillan, 1960, revised 2004

Leechman, Douglas; Native Tribes of Canada. W.J. Gage Limited, Toronto (no date)

Li, Peter S. Ed.; Race and Ethnic Relations in Canada; Oxford University Press Canada, Toronto, 1990

Lindsay, F.W., The BC Outlaws, Regatta City Press, Ltd., Kelowna, 1963

Loades, David; Mary Tudor – The Tragical History of the First Queen of England; The National Archives, Surrey, UK, 2006

Loring, Kevin; Where the Blood Mixes. Talonbooks, Vancouver, 2009

Lower, Arthur R. M.; Colony to Nation – A History of Canada; Longman Canada Limited, 1971 (first printed in 1946, Longman)

Lunn, Janet and Moore, Christopher; The Story of Canada. Lester Publishing, Key Porter Books, 1992

Lutz, John; Makúk – A New History of Aboriginal-White Relations, UBC Press, 2008

Lutz, John; Myth and Memory – Stories of Indigenous–European Contact, UBC Press, 2007

McCullum, Hugh and Karmel; This Land Is Not For Sale, Canada’s Original People and Their Land – A Saga of Neglect, Exploitation and Conflict. Anglican Book Centre, Toronto Canada, 1975

McDonald, Herbert L.; British Columbia: Challenge in Abundance. Canadian Confederation Centennial Committee of British Columbia, 1967

Maclachlan, Moragh, Ed.; The Fort Langley Journals 1827-30; UBC Press; 1998

McFarlane, Peter; Brotherhood to Nationhood – George Manuel and the Making of the Modern Indian Movement, Between The Lines press, Toronto, 1993

McKay, Ian; The Challenge of Modernity. McGraw-Hill Ryerson Limited, 1992

McKelvie, B. A.; Tales of Conflict, published by The Vancouver Daily Province, 1949; Southam Press Montreal

McMillan, Alan D.; Native Peoples and Cultures of Canada; Douglas & McIntyre, Vancouver, 1988

McMillan, Alan D.; First Peoples of Canada; Douglas & McIntyre, Vancouver, 2004

McNaughton, Margaret; Overland to Cariboo, J.J. Douglas Ltd., Vancouver, 1973

Mair, Rafe; Rafe: A Memoir. Harbour Publishing, Vancouver, 2004


Manuel, George and Posluns, Michael; The Fourth World, An Indian Reality. Don Mills, Ontario, 1974.


Memmi, Albert; The Colonizer and The Colonized; Beacon Press, 1967, 1991

Mills, David; The Journey to Canada, Saxon House Canada, Toronto, 1996; Copyright 2002 by David Mills

Milton, Giles; Big Chief Elizabeth – How England’s Adventurers Gambled and Won the New World, Sceptre, by Hodder and Stoughton, London, 2000

Moodie, Susanna; Roughing It in the Bush. Bell & Cockburn Toronto, 1913; Coles Publishing Company Limited, Toronto, 1980

Monet, Don and Skanu’u (Ardith Wilson); Colonialism on Trial: Indigenous Land Rights and the Gitksan and Wet’suwet’en Sovereignty Case. New Society Publishers, Gabriola Island, BC, 1992

Morison, Samuel Eliot; The Northern Voyages A.D. 500-1600,  Oxford University Press, New York, 1971

Morice, A.G.; The History of the Northern Interior of British Columbia, 1978, Interior Stationery. First review of the book printed in 1904. Stated date of printing by John Lane, London, 1906.

Muckle, Robert J.; The First Nations of British Columbia – An Anthropological Survey, Second Edition, UBC Press, 2007

Newell, Dianne, Tangled Webs of History – Indians and the Law in Canada’s Pacific Coast Fisheries, University of Toronto Press Incorporated, 1993

Newman, Peter C.; The Canadian Revolution, 1985-1995 – From Deference to Defiance. Viking Penguin, New York, 1995

Norcross, E. Blanche; The Warm Country, self-published in Duncan, BC, 1959

Olthuis, John A. and Townshend, Roger, The Case for Native Sovereignty, in: Charlton, Mark, and Barker, Paul, Editors; Crosscurrents – Contemporary Political Issues, Fifth Edition. Nelson, Thomson Canada Limited, 2006

Ormsby, Margaret; British Columbia: A History, The Macmillan Company of Canada, 1958

Patenaude, Branwen C.; Trails to Gold, 1995, Horsdal & Schubart

Paterson, T.W.; British Columbia Ghost Town Series 3 – Fraser Canyon; Sunfire Publications Limited, Langley BC, 1985

Perin, Roberto; Writing About Canada A Handbook for Modern Canadian History. Ed. John Schultz; Prentice-Hall Canada Inc.; 1990

Perry, Adele; On The Edge Of Empire – Gender, Race, and the Making of British Columbia, 1849-1871. University of Toronto Press, 2001; 2002, 2004, 2006

Pethik, Derek; Men of British Columbia, 1975, Hancock House, BC

Pethik, Derek, British Columbia Disasters. Stagecoach Publishing Co. Ltd., Langley BC, 1978

Petrie, W.M. Flinders, et al, The Book of History – A History of all Nations, Volume XIV – South and Central America; The Grolier Society, New York and London, 1915


Radwanski, George, and Luttrell, Julia; The Will of a Nation: Awakening the Canadian Spirit


Rasky, Frank; The Taming of the Canadian West, McLelland and Stewart Limited, 1967


Ray, Arthur J.; I Have Lived Here Since The World Began – An Illustrated History of Canada’s Native People, Key Porter Books and Lester Publishing Limited, 1996

Reksten, Terry; The Illustrated History of British Columbia, Douglas & McIntyre, 2001

Richardson, Boyce – Editor; Drum Beat – Anger and Renewal in Indian Country, 1989 Assembly of First Nations, Summerhill Press Ltd.

Richardson, Boyce; People of Terra Nullius, Betrayal and Rebirth in Aboriginal Canada. Douglas & McIntyre, Vancouver / Toronto, 1993

Richardson Logie, Patricia; Chronicles of Pride. Detselig Enterprises Limited, Calgary, Alberta, 1990

Robin, Martin; The Rush for Spoils, The Company Province 1871-1933. McLelland and Stewart Limited Toronto, 1972

Rohner, Ronald P. and Rohner, Evelyn C.; The Kwakiutl Indians of British Columbia, The University of Connecticut, Holt, Rinehart and Winston, Inc., 1970

Rose, Alex; Spirit Dance at Meziadin: Chief Joseph Gosnell and the Nisga’a Treaty, Harbour Publishing, BC, 2000

Rothenburger, Mel; The Wild McLeans, Orca Book Publishers, Victoria, 1993

Rothenburger, Mel; The Chilcotin War – The true story of a defiant Chief’s fight to save his land from white civilization, Mr. Paperback, Langley, 1978

Ruddell, Nancy; Raven’s Village – The Myths, Arts and Traditions of Native People from the Pacific Northwest Coast. Canadian Museum of Civilization, 1995, 1996

Sakiskanip, Ruby Helen; The Headman’s Granddaughter. 2008, self-published

Salverson, Laura Goodman; Confessions of an Immigrant’s Daughter. University of Toronto Press (1939- George Salverson) 1981

Saul, John Ralston; A Fair Country. Viking Canada, 2008.

Schapiro, Dr. J. Salwyn, Morris, Dr. Richard B., Soward, Frederic H.; Civilisation in Europe and the World. Part 1. Ancient and Medieval Times Part II. Modern Times in Europe and the World; The Copp Clark Company, Toronto, Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, 1938

Short, Steve and Neering, Rosemary; On the Path of the Explorers – Tracing the expeditions of Vancouver, Cook, Mackenzie, Fraser and Thompson, Whitecap Books, Vancouver/Toronto, 1992

Slapin, Beverly and Doris Seale, editors; Through Indian Eyes: The Native Experience in Books for Children. AmerIndian Studies Center; 4 edition, 1998

Smith, Melvin H, Q.C.; Our Home OR Native Land? What Governments’ Aboriginal Policy is Doing to Canada. Crown Western, Victoria, BC, 1995; Stoddart Publishing Co. Limited, 1996

Smith, Trefor; Our Stories are Written on the Land – A Brief History of the Upper St’át’imc 1800-1940, Upper St’át’imc Language, Culture and Education Society, 1998

Snyder, Gerald S.; In the Footsteps of Lewis and Clark; The National Geographic Society, 1970

Sproat, Gilbert Malcolm; Scenes and Studies of Savage Life. London: Smith, Elder and Co., 1868

Spradley, James P., Editor; Guests Never Leave Hungry – The Autobiography of James Sewid, a Kwakiutl Indian. McGill-Queen’s University Press, 1972. (Copyright by Yale University Press 1969)

Standage, Tom; A History of the World in Six Glasses. Anchor Canada, 2006

C.P. Stanley, C.P.; General Editor; Historical Documents of Canada, Volume V. “The Arts of War and Peace, 1914-1945;” The MacmillanCompany of Canada Limited, Toronto, 1972

Stewart, Roderick; Wilfred Laurier: A Pledge for Canada, 2002, XYZ Publishing, Lantzville, BC, 2002

Stonier-Newman, Lynne; The Lawman – Adventures of a Frontier Diplomat. TouchWood Editions, Victoria/Vancouver/Calgary, 2006

Temple, Dr. June M.; Bush Teacher in B.C. Welch Publishing Company Inc., Burlington, Ontario, Canada, 1985, 1987

Tennant, Paul; Aboriginal peoples and politics, UBC Press, 1990


Thomas, Philip J.; Songs of the Pacific Northwest, Hancock House, Vancouver, 1979


Thomas, Lewis Herbert; The Struggle for Responsible Government in the North-West Territories 1870-97. Second Edition, University of Toronto Press, 1956, 1978


Thorner, Thomas, ed.; “a few acres of snow” Documents in Canadian History, 1577-1867, Broadview Press, Canada, 1997


Trigger, Bruce G.; Natives and Newcomers – Canada’s “Heroic Age” Reconsidered. McGill-Queen’s University Press, 1985


Trigger, Bruce C.; The Historians’ Indian: Native Americans in Canadian Historical Writing from Charlevoix To The Present.  In, Out of the Background, by editors Robin Fischer and Kenneth Coates. Copp Clark Pitman Ltd., Toronto, 1988


Trottier, Maxine, Canadian Pioneers, Scholastic Canada Bibliographies. Scholastic Canada Ltd, 2003

Trottier, Maxine; Madeleine de Verchères – The Brave Defender; Canadian Heroes, Scholastic Canada Biographies, 2007, Scholastic Canada Ltd.

Turner, Nigel; Cowboys, Indians and an Englishman – The History of Grand Canyon Ranch, Copyright Grand Canyon Ranch 2011, LLC

Van Sertima, Ivan; They Came Before Columbus. Random House, New York, 2003

Waldman, Nell, and Norton, Sarah; Canadian Content Fifth Edition. Thomson, Nelson – 2003


Wallace, C.M. and Bray, R.M.; Reappraisals in Canadian History, Pre-Confederation. Third Edition, Laurentian University, Prentice Hall Allyn and Bacon Canada, Scarborough, Ontario, 1999, 1996, 1993 Prentice-Hall Canada


Walkem, Ardith and Bruce, Halie, Editors; Box of Treasures or Empty Box? Twenty Years of Section 35. Theytus Books Limited, 2003


Walker, Russell R.; Politicians Of A Pioneering Province, Mitchell Press Limited, Vancouver, 1969


Ward, W. Peter and McDonald, Robert A.J., editors; British Columbia: Historical Readings. Douglas & McIntyre Ltd, Vancouver, BC, 1971


Watters, Reginald Eyre, editor in chief; British Columbia: A Centennial Anthology. McLelland and Stewart Limited, 1958


Weatherby, Hugh; Tales The Totems Tell. Macmillan Company of Canada Limited, 1962


Widdowson Frances, and Howard, Albert; Disrobing the Aboriginal Industry, McGill-Queen’s University Press, 2008


Williams, Geoffrey, The Shaping of Modern Europe, The Macmillan Company of Canada Limited, 1968


Wolf, Erik R.; Europe and the People Without History. University of California Press, 1982


Woodcock, George and Avakumovic, Ivan; The Douhkhobors. Oxford University Press (Canadian Branch), 1968


Woods, J.J.; The Agassiz-Harrison Valley, History and Development. McCott Publishing Limited, Chilliwack, BC, Reprinted 1986 for the Agassiz Harrison Historical Society


York, Geoffrey; The Dispossessed – Life and Death in Native Canada.” Third Printing, Little, Brown and Company, Canada, 1992. First Published 1989, Lester and Orpen Dennys.



Articles, Reports, Theses and Journals


Adams, Ian; The Real Poverty Report, Publisher M. G. Hurtig, 1971, Original from the University of Virginia

Affiliation of Multicultural Societies and Agencies of BC, Towards a Dialogue: Proceedings of a Conference on Native Issues held in Vancouver, B.C., January 25-26 1991. Editorial Committee: Alan Dutton, Bill Mussell, Ernie Crey, Teresa M. Pryce

Angus, Murray; “…And The Last Shall Be First” Native Policy in an Era of Cutbacks, A Discussion Paper Prepared for the Aboriginal Rights Coalition (Project North), Ottawa 1989

Boldt, Menno and Long, Anthony J.; Tribal Philosophies and the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms, 7 Ethnic and Racial Studies, 1984


Blomley, Nicholas; “SHUT THE PROVINCE DOWN”:  First Nations Blockades in British Columbia, 1984-1995. BC STUDIES, no. 111, Autumn 1996


Bromley, Helen; ‘Take precautions against the natives’: Life as a sick Indian at Lytton, BC, 1910-1940.  Simon Fraser University, Geography, in partial fulfillment of Master of Arts Degree. July, 1994


Chrisjohn, Dr. Roland; and Professor Andrea Bear Nicholas, Karen Stote, Professor James Craven (Omahkohkiaayo i’poyi), Tanya Wasacase, Pierre Loiselle, Andrea O. Smith: An Historic Non-Apology, Completely and Utterly Not Accepted, July, 2008

Cedar Project: Historical trauma, sexual abuse and HIV risk among young Aboriginal people who use injection and non-injection drugs in two Canadian cities; Margo E. Pearce, Wayne M. Christian et al; 2008 Elsevier Ltd

Clark, Dr. Bruce; A legal opinion on legal remedies to prevent global eco-genocide, December 10, 2006, Oslo.

Crompton, Lynda Jean, LL.B., Prisoners of Democracy: The Líl’wat right to an impartial tribunal. An analysis of the Lillooet Lake Roadblock Case. A Thesis submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the Degree of Master of Laws; University of British Columbia, December 2006

Deer, Frank; Aboriginal Identity: A Perspective on Hegemony and the Implications for Canadian Citizenship. “in education,” Autumn 2011 issue,

Duff, Wilson; The Fort Victoria Treaties. BC STUDIES, no. 3, Fall 1969, UBC


Fedorak, Charles John; The United States Consul in Victoria and the Political Destiny of the Colony of British Columbia, 1862-1870. BC Studies, no. 79, Autumn 1988


Foster, Hamar; We Are Not O’Meare’s Children, 2003


Galois, R.M.; The Indian Rights Association, Native Protest Activity and the “Land Question” in British Columbia, 1903 – 1916. Native Studies Review 8, Number 2, 1992

Graham, Scott and Ireland, Brenda, Power of Place: Integrating St’át’imc Knowledge into Lillooet Area K-12 School Curricula & Pedagogy; Final Research Report, SPARC BC, 2008

Grant, Peter R. and Ross, Michael Lee; The Supreme Court of Canada’s Decision in Marshall and Bernard: Its Implications for Aboriginal Title in British Columbia

Hamilton, Ron; I Invite Honest Criticism. BC Studies, A Special Issue IN CELEBRATION OF OUR SURVIVAL: the First Nations of British Columbia. N0. 89, Spring 1991. Guest Editors Doreen Jensen and Cheryl Brooks; Editor, Allan Smith


Hewlett, Edward Sleigh; The Chilcotin Uprising of 1864, BC Studies no. 19, Autumn, 1973. 50-72

Hill, Gord; War on the Coast. 2006. Published in The St’át’imc Runner, May 2008.

Hunter, Brenden, and Carpenter, Sandy;  R v. Willison: British Columbia Supreme Court Clarifies Requirements to Prove Métis Rights Under Test in Powley  August 2006.

Indian Law Resource Center. United States Senate Committee on Indian Affairs, Hearing on “Setting the Standard: Domestic Implications of the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples.” Testimony of Robert T. Coulter, Executive Director, Indian Law Resource Center,  June 9, 2011; Attachment, written and edited by the Native Land Law Project, Indian Law Resource Center, Sponsored and published by the Indian Land Tenure Foundation. ©February, 2010


Indigenous Network on Economies and Trade (INET); Recognition of Indigenous Peoples’ Rights – Not Extinguishment! Individual Indigenous Submission re. Canada’s voluntary Human Rights Council review, February, 2009




King, Geraldine; URBAN ABORIGINAL CHILDREN IN CANADA: Building a solid foundation for prosperity and change. Published in, “Aboriginal children’s health: Leaving No Child Behind,” Canadian Supplement to THE STATE OF THE WORLD’S CHILDREN 2009, Canadian UNICEF Committee, 2009


Kly, Dianna, and Woo, Grace, and Coast, Kerry; “Observations on Canada’s Response” to Petition 879-07, Loni Edmonds; February, 2012, International Human Rights Association of American Minorities. Submission to Inter-American Human Rights Commission, Organization of American States.


Linebaugh, Peter; The Secret History of the Magna Carta; Boston Review, Summer 2003


Lutz, John; After the Fur Trade: the aboriginal labouring class of British Columbia 1849-1890. Journal of the CHA 1992


McCue, Professor June; Nicole Schabus, Arthur Manuel, Amanda Miller, Karen Osachoff-Denham and Peggy Lee; RECOGNITION OF INDIGENOUS PEOPLES’ RIGHTS – NOT EXTINGUISHMENT! Indigenous Network on Economies and Trade (INET) – Individual Indigenous Submission CANADA – 4th Session, Universal Periodic Review, February, 2009


Maa-nulth First Nations Practice Standards for Ratification of the Treaty, August –September 2007


Mele Estella Rupou Rakai, “A Neutral framework for modeling and analyzing aboriginal land tenure systems” January 2005, University of New Brunswick


Mensah, Joseph; “Treaty Negotiations in British Columbia: The Utility of Geographic Information Management Techniques,” Department of Geography Kwantlen University College; The Canadian Journal of Native Studies XVI, 1 (1996);1-14.


Mussell, Bill; Restoration of Well-Being for Canada’s First Peoples. Native Mental Health Association; Sal’i’shan Institute, Chilliwack.


Nemoto, Akihiko; “Changes in Aboriginal Property Rights: A Chronological Account of Land Use Practices in the Líl’wat Nation.” A thesis submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the Degree of Doctor of Philosophy, University of British Columbia, 1998


Newcomb, Steven T.; “A Primer on Religious Freedom.” 1992, 1995, Eugene, Oregon


Price, Kenneth A.; in The Verdict, a publication of the Trial Lawyers’ Association of British Columbia, October of 1995.

Price-Waterhouse Coopers, “Financial and Economic Impacts of Treaty Settlement in BC,” 2009

Rarihokwats; Historical Notes on the League of Indian Nations. A Four Arrows Historical Sketch, 19 October 2001


Redan, Chief Perry; A Policy Proposal for a BC Indian Community Salmon Fishery, April 23, 1986


Reid, Mark – Editor in Chief, and Lacoursièr, Jacques – Special Advisor; On A Mission, Canada’s History magazine, February-March, 2012


Reid, Robert S.; First Nations Lands – A Cloud on Title. Reid is the Assistant Dean of Admissions and Career Placement, and an associate professor in the Faculty of Law at UBC.


Rudnicki, Walt; The Aboriginal Constitutional Package of 1992, Its Hidden Sting” October 7, 1992


Sanders, Douglas; The Nishga Case, BC Studies no.19, Autumn, 1973. 3-20


Saunders, Jeremiah; The Fraser River Gold Rush of 1858 and the Victoria Newspaper Boom: An Account of Bishop Demers’ Printing Press with the Victoria Gazette and the British Colonist. An Exhibition for the Second W. Kaye Lamb Lecture January 27, 2005

Prepared for UBC Rare Books and Special Collections


Settlers In Support of Indian Sovereignty (SISIS); The “Lynch Mob” Nature of Canadian Colonialism, July 1, 1997. “An interview with Dr. Bruce Clark on the Queen, Gustafsen Lake, Delgamuukw and the BC lawyers’ “mafia””


Sewid-Smith, Daisy; In Time Immemorial. BC Studies, No. 89, Spring 1991.


Slattery, Brian; The Nature of Aboriginal Title, in Beyond the Nass Valley, National Implications of the Supreme Court’s Delgamuukw Decision, Fraser Institute, Vancouver, 2000. Edited by Owen Lippart


Stacey, C P, General Editor; Historical Documents of Canada, Volume Five: The Arts of War and peace 1914-1945. The Macmillan Company of Canada Limited, Toronto, 1972


Staley, Michael; Report for Fraser River Aboriginal Fisheries Secretariat and Watershed Watch, Winter 2007


Switlo, Janice; The River Forks Here, 2002

Upsetting The Apple Cart,

Trick or Treaty;


Switlo, Janice G.A.E.; BC Treaty Process – “Trick or Treaty?” February 1, 1996


Switlo, Janice G.A.E.; Apple Cede: First Nations Land Management Regime, B.Com., LL.B, June 9, 1999


Teit, James A.; Regarding the attitude of the Indians towards the Missionaries…, BC Archives, Victoria

Thomson, Duane; The Response of Okanagan Indians to European Settlement, BC Studies no. 101, (Spring 1994), 96-117.


Union of BC Indian Chiefs news release, Feb 20, 2007 re its submission to CERD and Canada’s report

Wagner, Tracy L.; Assessing the effectiveness of the Chilliwack School District’s First Nation Kindergarten program; A paper presented to the Gordon Albright School of Education in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the Degree of Master of Education, June 2009

Warrior Publications, B.C. Native Blockades and Direct Action From the 1980’s to 2006, 2006

Weaver, Sally M.; Indian Policy in the New Conservative Government, Part 1: the Nielsen Task Force of 1985. Native Studies Review 2, No.1 (1986), 1-43

Wickwire, Wendy, ‘We Shall Drink From the Stream and So Shall You’: James A. Teit and Native Resistance in British Columbia, 1908-22.” Canadian Historical Review 79, no. 2, 1998, 199-236.


Wilson, Daniel and Macdonald, David; The Income Gap Between Aboriginal Peoples and the Rest of Canada. Canadian Center for Policy Alternatives, April 2010






Court Cases

R. v. Adams [1996] 3 S.C.R. 101

Ahousaht Indian Band and Nation v. Canada (Attorney General), 2011 BCCA 237

Re Adoption Act   (1974), 44 D.L.R. (3d) 718 (also reported: [1974] 3 W.W.R. 363, 14 R.F.L. 396)

Blaney et al v. British Columbia (The Minister of Agriculture Food and Fisheries) et al, 2005 BCSC 283

Calder v. Attorney-General of British Columbia, [1973]  S.C.R. Reasons for Judgement

Calder – Appellants’ Factum, by Thomas Berger, Counsel, on appeal from the Supreme Court of British Columbia from Gould J., October 17, 1969. Signed by Berger February 27, 1970.


Connelly v. Woolrich, (1867), 11 lcj 197, 205-07 (sc Quebec), affirmed (1869), rlos 356-7 (ca Quebec)


Cook v. The Minister of Aboriginal Affairs and Reconciliation, [2007] BCSC 1722


Corbiere v. Canada (Minister of Indian and Northern Affairs), [1999] 2 S.C.R. 203


Delgamuukw v. British Columbia,   [1997] 3 S.C.R. 1010 


Edmonds v Canada, Petition 879-07, received by the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights in 2007

Regina v. Dennis and Dennis, (1974), 56 D.L.R. (3d) 379 (also reported: [1975] 2 W.W.R. 630, 28 C.R.N.S. 268, 22 C.C.C. (2d) 152) British Columbia Provincial Court, O’Connor Prov. Ct. J., 25 November 1974

R v. Douglas et al [2007], BCCA (265)

R. v. Gladstone, [1996] 2 S.C.R. 723




Haida Nation v. British Columbia (Minister of Forests), [2004] 3 S.C.R. 511, 2004 SCC 73

Regina v. Haines (1978), 44 C.C.C. (2d) 162 (also reported: 8 B.C.L.R. 211)

Halalt v British Columbia (Minister of Environment) [2011] BCSC 945


Halfway River First Nation v B.C. [1999] BCCA 470


Huu-Ay-Aht First Nation et al. v. The Minister of Forests et al. [2005], BCSC 697


Interfor v. Pascal, CA 103228 (B.C.C.A.)


Regina v. Jack et. al. [1975] W.W.D. 135 British Columbia Provincial Court, Heard Prov. J., 1 May 1975


R v. Jack, John and John (1995), 16 B.C.L.R. (3d) 201 (B.C.C.A.).


Jules – Wilson


Kamloops Indian Band v. Harper Ranch Ltd. (B.C.C.A.), also known as Jules v Harper Ranch [1990], Vancouver Registry: CA010911 [1990] B.C.J. No. 1268


Lax Kw’alaams Indian Band v. Canada (Attorney General) [2008], BCSC 447


Luuxhon v. The Queen (1999), C981165 S.C.B.C.


McIvor v. The Registrar, Indian and Northern Affairs Canada [2007], BCSC 827


Menchu v. Montt [2005], Spanish Constitutional Court


Mitchell v. Minister of National Revenue [2001], 1 S.C.R. 911, 2001 SCC 33


Nuu-Chah-nulth 2009, 2010


St. Catherine’s Milling and Lumber Co. v. The Queen (1888), 14 App. Cas. 46 (P.C.)


Skeetchestn Indian Band et al. v. Registrar of Land Titles, Kamloops, unregistered, CA026838, September 26, 2000


  1. v. N.T.C. Smokehouse Ltd. [1996] 2 S.C.R. 672


  1. v. Sparrow, [1990] 1 S.C.R. 1075

Spookw v. Gitxsan Treaty Society et al. [2011], BCSC 1001

Taku River Tlingit First Nation v. British Columbia (Project Assessment Director), [2004] 3 S.C.R. 550, [2004] SCC 74


Tsilhqot’in Nation v. British Columbia [2007] BCSC 1700

United States of America, Plaintiff, v. James Allen Scott Pitawanakwat, Defendant [2000], 00-M-489-ST, Opinion and Order, Stewart, Magistrate Judge

Uukw v. British Columbia (1987), 16 B.C.L.R.  (B.C.C.A.)

R. v. Van der Peet [1996], 2 S.C.R. 507

West Moberly First Nation v British Columbia (Chief Inspector of Mines) [2011], BCCA 247

Westar Timber Ltd. v. Gitksan Wet’suwet’en Tribal Council (B.C.C.A.) [1989], BCJ No. 1077

 R. v. White and Bob, Canada Supreme Court, 1964

R. v. Willison [2006], BCSC 985

Worcester against the State of Georgia, 6 Peters Supreme Court Reports 515 (1832)